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Numerical ephemerides of planets and natural satellites of IAA RAS and their uses for scientific research

E. V. Pitjeva, G. A. Kosmodamianskiy, D. A. Pavlov, N. P. Pitjev, A. L. Poroshina, V. I. Skripnichenko

Proceedings of the Journées 2013 "Systèmes de Référence Spatio-Temporels", N. Capitaine (ed.), Observatoire de Paris, 245-248 (2014)

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The dynamical model of the planetary part of the EPM2013 ephemerides of the IAA RAS has been fitted to about 800000 observations of different types (1913-2013). Their reference frame has been established with 321 ICRF-based VLBI measurements of spacecrafts near planets taken into account. EPM ephemerides serve as the basis for the Russian Astronomical and Nautical Astronomical Yearbooks, are planned to be used in the GLONASS and LUNA-RESOURCE programs, and are used for determination of physical parameters (asteroids masses, planet rotation, topography), GM and its secular variation, the PPN parameters, the upper limit on mass of the dark matter in the Solar System. Moreover, numerical ephemerides of the 22 main planet satellites have been constructed; they also provide the basis for improving positions of the outer planets. Files containing polynomial approximation for EPM ephemerides (EPM2004, EPM2008, EPM2011) along with TT-TDB and ephemerides of Ceres, Pallas, Vesta, Eris, Haumea, Makemake, and Sedna are available from ftp://quasar.ipa.nw.ru/incoming/ EPM/. The files are provided in IAA’s binary and ASCII formats, as well as SPK and PCK formats.