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The Computational Complexity of the Initial Value Problem for the Three Body Problem

N. N. Vasiliev, D. A. Pavlov

Journal of Mathematical Sciences, Volume 224, Issue 2, 221–230 (2017)

DOI: 10.1007/s10958-017-3407-3

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The paper is concerned with the computational complexity of the initial value problem (IVP) for a system of ordinary dynamical equations. A formal problem statement is given, containing a Turing machine with an oracle for getting the initial values as real numbers. It is proven that the computational complexity of the IVP for the three-body problem is not bounded by a polynomial. The proof is based on the analysis of oscillatory solutions of the Sitnikov problem, which have a complex dynamical behavior. These solutions contradict the existence of an algorithm that solves the IVP in polynomial time.