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The Yarkovsky Effect in the Motion of NEAs

Yu. A. Chernetenko.

Protecting the Earth against Collisions with Asteroids and Comet Nuclei, In: A. M. Finkelstein, W. F. Huebner, V. A. Shor (Eds) Proceedings of the International Conference “Asteroid-Comet Hazard-2009”, StP: Nauka, 289–293 (2010)

Ключевые слова: Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), Near Earth Objects (NEOs), Near Earth Asteroids (NEAs), motion of NEAs, Yarkovsky effect, heliocentric distance, the transverse component in the orbital coordinate system, optical observations, asteroid masses, the orbit fitting process, the dynamical method, a test particle

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In this paper we evaluate the Yarkovsky effect on the motion of NEAs under the assumption that this acceleration depends on heliocentric distance as 1/r and is characterized by the transverse component in the orbital coordinate system. For 94 NEAs values of have been found with errors less than 1.5 10 AU/day. To evaluate the Yarkovsky effect the model of motion should be as complete as possible. In some instances the Yarkovsky effect can be estimated by using only optical observations. Accounting for the Yarkovsky effect permits to include more optical observations in the orbit fitting process. In determining asteroid masses by the dynamical method it seems to be useful to combine it with estimates when a small, perturbed asteroid is used as a test particle