Поиск по публикациям
NASA's Near-Earth Object Program Office

Авторы: D. K. Yeomans, S. R. Chesley, P. W. Chodas

Журнал: Protecting the Earth against Collisions with Asteroids and Comet Nuclei In: A. M. Finkelstein, W. F. Huebner, V. A. Shor (Eds) Proceedings of the International Conference “Asteroid-Comet Hazard-2009”, StP: Nauka, 244–254

Год: 2010

Текст статьи

Информация о статье

Ключевые слова: Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), near-Earth object (NEO), international community astrometric data, to refine orbits, predictions for coming Earth close approaches, an automatic Sentry system, Earth impact probabilities, deflection of an Earth threatening NEO, the gravity tractor concept, an asteroid's passage through a dynamical keyhole

This paper briefly presents the history, interactions and current activities of NASA's Near-Earth Object Program Office. The Program Office utilizes near-Earth object (NEO) astrometric data from the international community, received from the Minor Planet Center, to refine orbits and provide predictions for coming Earth close approaches. For those objects for which an Earth impact cannot be ruled out, an automatic Sentry system computes Earth impact probabilities. These predictions are often compared and verified with a similar process that is underway in Pisa Italy (NEODyS). The sophisticated techniques used within the Sentry system are described. Recent studies of some of the issues surrounding the deflection of an Earth threatening NEO are also described. In particular, the viability of the gravity tractor concept is discussed in connection with avoiding an asteroid's passage through a dynamical keyhole at the time of a close Earth approach - an event that ensures a subsequent Earth impact event at a later time