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EPM - Ephemerides of Planets and the Moon of IAA RAS: their model, accuracy, availability

E. V. Pitjeva, O. A. Bratseva, V. E. Panfilov

Proceedings of the Journées 2010 "Systèmes de Référence Spatio-Temporels", N. Capitaine (ed.), Observatoire de Paris, 49-54 (2011)

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The current state of the last version of the planet part of EPM’s ephemerides of IAA RAS (EPM2010) integrated in the PPN metric over the 1800 - 2200 time interval is presented. The updated dynamical model includes perturbations from all Trans-Neptunian Objects at the mean distance of 43 AU in addition to the perturbations from the major planets, the Moon, the Sun, and asteroids of the main belt. EPM2010 ephemerides have resulted from a least square adjustment to observation data totaling about 620000 position observations of different types. EPM2010 have been oriented onto the ICRF by the inclusion of all VLBI spacecraft observations into the fitting. The uncertainty of EPM ephemerides is controlled by comparison with a prior accuracy of observations and the independent DE421 ephemeris. The differences between the times TT and TDB have been constructed for EPM2004 (that is the basis for the Russian Astronomical Yearbook) and EPM2008 ephemerides. The access to these ephemerides with their TT-TDB are available via This package allows a competent user to obtain the rectangular coordinates of the Sun, Moon, and nine major planets by means of a subroutine written in standard languages Fortran, C, Pascal, Java. Moreover this package gives a possibility to obtain access to ephemerides of Ceres, Pallas, Vesta, Eris, Haumea, Makemake, Sedna constructed simultaneously with the main EPM ephemerides.