The first China’s lunar surface exploration mission using a lander and rover. It was launched in December 2013 as part of the second phase of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program that has the ultimate goal of manned flights to the Moon. Chang'e 3 achieved lunar orbit on 6 December 2013 and successfuly landed on 14 December 2013. The lander was equipped with a transceiver device (transponder) operating in the X-band. The transponder is designed to receive a 7.2 GHz Earth to Moon uplink carrier wave signal and its coherent phase-locked re-radiation from Moon to Earth at a frequency of 8.47 GHz. Using this equipment Lunar Radio Ranging (LRR) technique was implemented, which allows us to measure the station position by means of independent observation.
|Launch Date||1 Dec 2013, 17:30 UT|
|Launch Site||Xichang Satellite Launch Center, Sichuan, China|
|Landing Mass||1200 kg|
|Dimensions||5 m x 5 m|
|Scientific Instruments||1. Stereo camera
2. Lunar-based ultraviolet telescope
3. Extreme ultraviolet camera
4. Rover equipped with ground penetrating radar, infrared and alpha-x-ray spectrometers
|Landing date||14 Dec 2013, 13:11 UT|
|Landing site||44.12° N, 19.51° W|
|2019 Apr 26||02:25 - 03:35||RT-32 (Zc)||8470.0||2||0.00264||1.322|
Spacecraft signal spectrogram
Spectrogram of Chang'e 3 spacecraft signal obtained from observations of the RT-32 radio telescope at Zelenchukskaya observatory on April 26, 2019. The frequency of the spacecraft transponder is represented by a bright line changing with time.
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