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Testing of General Relativity with Geodetic VLBI

Authors: O. Titov

Journal: Transactions of IAA RAS vol. 40

Pages: 22–27

Year: 2017

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About the paper

Keywords: VLBI, Astrometry, General Relativity, IVS

The geodetic VLBI technique is capable of measuring the Sun’s gravity light deflection from distant radio sources around the whole sky. This light deflection is equivalent to the conventional gravitational delay used for the reduction of geodetic VLBI data. While numerous tests based on a global set of VLBI data have shown that the parameter gamma of the post-Newtonian approximation is equal to unity with a precision of about 0.02 percent, more detailed analysis reveals some systematic deviations depending on the angular elongation from the Sun. In this paper a limited set of VLBI observations near the Sun were adjusted to obtain the estimate of the parameter gamma free of the elongation angle impact. The parameter gamma is still found to be close to unity with precision of 0.06 percent, two subsets of VLBI data measured at short and long baselines produce some statistical inconsistency.